How Does a Water Jet Cutting Machine Work?

Despite the advances in metal processing and fabricating techniques, many people are still not aware of what water jet cutting machines are or how they work. But most importantly, they are sometimes oblivious of the help that these groundbreaking solutions can bring to their own business.

With the stiff business climate we have nowadays, one needs to harness all the resources they have as well as all the help they could get. This will help them to stay on top of their game. In the case of water jet technology, here is an in-depth look into what it is all about.

Before anything else, we need to know what water jet technology is.

best waterjet cutting method

What is Waterjet?

This is an innovative, computerized material cutting technology that is capable of cutting through or slicing through almost every imaginable material there is. Regardless of how brittle or fragile your material may be, a waterjet system is powerful enough to cut through them into 2-dimensional shapes.

Granite, marble, porcelain, linoleum, ceramic, vinyl, sports flooring, and all kinds of metals — all these materials can be cut or sliced seamlessly with a water jet process. A qualified cold material cutting/slicing method that does not heat, distort or harden metals. Waterjet system efficiently and cleanly cuts ceramics, stone, and porcelains.

Anything that a computer can draw can be cut with a water jet cutting machine. But there are materials that you can never cut economically into complex shapes if you will use some other material cutting techniques other than the waterjet system. These materials include porcelain, stone, and stainless steel.

Abrasive Waterjet Cutting, How Does It Work?

If you are a customer, what you need to do is submit a blueprint, or a drawing, or an electronic file of the design you have in mind. Your enlisted fabricating team that employs this material cutting technology will take and handle everything for you.

Normally also, they have a dedicated team within the organization that can take charge of the design process. Thus, if there is something, in particular, you have in mind you can delegate it to them instead. Once your design is digitized, the file or your drawing is loaded into the AutoCAD system.

It will then undergo a conversion process into a language that the waterjet cutting machine will read through. This part of the process is referred to as computer-aided manufacturing or CAM. After which your processed image is up and ready for downloading into the waterjet machine system.

Waterjet machines come with 2 components, this is the X-Y-Z table and the high-intensity pump. This is capable of generating 55,000 psi. As for the X-Y-Z table, it is responsible for moving the cutting head over your material.

The intensive pressure generated by the high-intensity pump allows the water alone to cut through foam, plastics, rubber, resilient floor coverings, and many other similar soft substances.

As for the cutting head, this comes with a 0.050 nozzle (¼”) sapphire crystal orifice through which pressurized water is forced through. This is going to be 3x the sound speed, courtesy of the high-intensity pump. The nozzle movement will be determined and guided by the computer and how it interprets the digital file of your drawing.

When trying to work on materials that can be best described as considerably hard such as stone, metals, glass, ceramics, and dense composites, abrasive garnet particles can be fed into the waterjet stream.

This action will help create a more intense erosion action against the material in question, facilitating easier and faster slicing. As a qualified cold cutting process, it will not create heat or exert pressure on the working material.

The use of a water jet cutting machine is an important turning point in the fabrication sphere, both for architectural and industrial applications. With respect to the material in question, intricacy, and thickness of the cut, the anticipated savings from the material cutting technology can be substantial.

Compared to other similar material cutting/slicing methods, such as the plasma torch, routers, electrical discharge machining, or EDM and laser cutting, waterjet systems can serve as a perfect alternative to casting forged blanks. 

Waterjet systems can cut or slice through any material that many industries consider as “un-machinable” with traditional cutting methods.

What You Need to Know About Yagi Antennas?

Yagi antennasYagi antenna is the product of the collaborative effort in the early part of the 1900s between its inventors, Hidetsugu Yagi and Shintaro Uda. During those times, they are still attending the Tohoku Imperial University.

Nowadays we are using an abundant variety of directional types of antenna, but so far Yagi remains the most popular and most sought after. Some people would fondly refer to them instead as “beam” antennas.

Do you know the reason why Yagi antennas achieve so much gain?

It is because they direct the majority of all its signals to just only one direction as opposed to dispersing it all around in a 360-degree circle. Their rods and single element whips on boats and cars are all qualified omnidirectional, which means they do a 360-degree job.

The taller or higher the altitude of these antennas is, for a given frequency, the more gain there is on the horizon, where there is a strong need for it.

But what is the gain?

This is the term being used when you need to measure out decibels (dB) and determine the level of effectiveness of an antenna in a particular plane or a given direction.

In other words, this refers to the unit of measure of an intensified signal where it is needed or where it is wanted since antennas, technically, are not capable of creating gain.

Antennas are designed in such a way that they can manage the power in the direction they are needed, and for this reason, be able to tone down unwanted directions.

Mounting Your Antenna

Your available feeder cable length will determine your ideal mount spot. As for the cable length considerations, this can be addressed instead at a later time. Otherwise, roof edge, window sill, fence, balcony railing, wall, the horizontal or vertical pipe can be taken advantage of for this purpose.

It is also acceptable to have an inside-attic installation provided that there is no metal present in the roof in which the signal will need to penetrate. It is quite normal for concrete and wood to be invisible to RF signals, but under frequencies ranging from 824 to 894 MHz, the gain itself is likely to go down a bit.

Where to Point Your Antenna

The frontage of yagi antennas should be directed towards the target direction, repeater tower, or cell site. Or in some cases, it should be directed instead towards other users.

Sometimes also, things are better off when there is a good amount of knowledge about the target location itself, together with the use of a map and compass. There is a good possibility that you’d be able to locate it if it is also sending out signals that are directed towards you.

When you rotate your Yagi antenna, you’d easily find the direction of the strongest signal source. Gradually rotate your antenna, and pause every 10 degrees. At this point, you may jot down signal levels. Take note of the decline and the peak positions, and eventually, you’d figure when and where you should be tightening your mounting bolts.

Information Kiosk: Types and Benefits

Kiosks are quickly replacing traditional billboards and advertising. Even though they might seem invasive, they’re helping to boost the lives of the people. Nowadays, businesses everywhere realize the advantages of info kiosks and how they alter how we all buy items and receive information. These days, we’re going to delve into the benefits of info kiosks and exactly how they can help just about any business.

What’s an information Kiosk

It is a non-interactive or interactive kiosk that displays information or offers it through some active menu system. An excellent example of an info kiosk will be those offered at any nearby library that gives a catalog of the inventory. Another could be the kiosks available at outlets and malls, displaying trending things in the stock.

How Is It Used?

information kioskIt is a combination of telecommunication networks, software, and hardware intended to gather, develop, and distribute helpful details towards another organizational environment. While that definition may seem quite technical, in a nutshell, it indicates that an info product is a method that successfully gathers info and redistributes it.

Info kiosks are an embodiment of that idea, acting as an intermediary by collecting information on relevant things and presenting it in a far more digestible format. This information is then taken so that it could be examined to aid individuals and consumers with goods and services that are much more applicable to their specific needs, helping to streamline much more monotonous things in their lives.

The Benefits Offered by Information Kiosks 

Information kiosks present a wide range of advantages; the principal of that would be consumer freedom. With some of the expert services automated, greater customer independence enables a person to participate with the kiosk on their terms. Below is a listing of various other advantages that they’ll bring to any company.


After customer independence, the principal benefit is the capability for kiosks to conserve resources, most notably, staff time. Since info-kiosks allows visitors, other contractors, and staff to sign in, this saves administrative employees much more time, enabling them to finish some other, much more immediate things.


Beyond only offering info, self-service kiosks could be adapted to provide wayfinding maps and accept payments too.


Self-service kiosks are linked to a network, enabling them to be remotely seen from any place connected to the internet. This advantage allows for brand new software patches as well as updates on the fly.

Quicker Service 

Due to its simplicity, anyone can use a self-service information kiosk, allowing for easy and quick interactions between the company and the consumer. Additionally, having many more tasks regulated to the stalls provides the staff members with various other features, exponentially increasing the pace of a customer’s requirements.

Eye Catching 

With many kiosks having big digital screens, this produces more draw to the business’s location, raising the consumer base.

Active Interaction 

Since the kiosks are self-service, clients are active participants in selecting their own needs, producing fewer errors in choosing what they want rather than being forced to count on a third party.

Improved Customer Satisfaction 

As stated earlier, with quicker service, client satisfaction requirements are met at a more incredible speed, drawing in even more repeat business. It’s easier for buyers to participate with a computer on their terms.

Important Uses of a Large Touch Screen Monitor

Among the best advantages offered by big touch screen displays is the point that they provide a user-friendly platform for interaction between a device and the user. This is also among the reasons why producers throughout the world are committing to touch display technology. This concept is currently a key portion of our current and is all set to play an also larger role in the future of ours.

When it concerns the present, huge touch screen display monitors are visible nearly everywhere, because of the multitude of advantages that they offer.

Uses of a Large Touch Screen Monitor

There are a variety of ways in which huge touch screen display monitors may be used, several of which are:

1. Big Scale Demonstrations

Whether it is at an exhibition or merely a display, huge touch screen display monitors may be utilized as kiosks, assuming you have the chance to show your branded content, apps, or site on a big scale.

2. Gamification

One of the more enjoyable areas of touch technology is gamification. Games will always be a good way to garner interest, and at this point, with a big touch display screen monitor, you are able to take games to a totally new level. This could have numerous uses. In academic institutions, this may be utilized to play games to assist pupils to find out better; and at exhibitions or demonstrations, they might be used to collect the market.

3. Information Kiosk

Probably the most effective use for big touch display screen monitors, they can be set up as self-service info kiosks. Not everybody loves to ask for help and making use of a big touch screen is immense fun! They could be used to display active papers, maps, schedules, galleries, etc. at the event or even at the facility. They are going to allow the drivers to relate to the content at their own pace.

4. Lead Generation and Paperless Registration

Generating leads is great for just about any company. Even in case you are not enthusiastic about the leads, a large touch screen monitor could be utilized to facilitate registration at the event or the institution. It is a lot more convenient for individuals to enter the details on a digital platform, instead of being forced to create it; as well as keeping track of and keeping digital registrations is usually easier.


5. Digital Signage

You can make use of huge touch display screen monitors to attract interest in the business with a real-time audio-visual message. You can create this display to welcome individuals to your also, etc., boardroom, and classroom provide some cursory info or required instructions.

6. Interactive Entertainment and Information

Huge touch screen display monitors are an active solution that allows you to indulge and personalize the market experience, whether it is for advertising, easy engagement, or even for sharing info.

There is no question to the point that the touch screen technology is right here to stay; and also with the continuous advancements taking place in the area, they provide many modern ways for the wise user to adjust into their very own business or institution.

office furniture Sydney CBD

Mistakes to Avoid When Buying Your Office Furniture in Sydney CBD

There is more when it comes to paying for office furniture than what fulfills the eye. Perhaps you feel you have the standard down, however, there are a few office furniture errors that you might be making. With these suggestions below, you will have the ability to effortlessly stay away from probably the biggest office furniture errors and get probably the most out of the furniture you pay for.

Office Furniture Sydney CBD Mistakes to Avoid

Style Instead of Comfort

It is essential to not instantly judge a portion of furniture solely by the looks of it, particularly in case you as well as your employees rely on that piece of furniture for coziness the whole day. Aesthetics are quite an important facet of the furniture buying process but placing looks above coziness is among probably the greatest office furniture blunders you can make. Keep in mind that comfortable workers are employees that are happy. Be sure you are thinking about the ergonomics of business furniture as chairs and desks before you consider the color of the piece.

Not Trying Out Before Buying

office furniture Sydney CBD

With the present-day online shopping era, it is appealing to purchase your office furniture Sydney CBD on the internet and get it sent right to your doorstep without needing to go wherever. While this technique of purchasing furnishings can be possible, not trying the parts you purchase out initially can be a big office furniture miscalculation. Generally, take the time to go into the retailer and test out most of the parts before you purchase them. You are going to need to be relaxing in the chairs you select for many years to come; thus, this is not a choice you would like to take lightly. Think about your personal inclinations and needed comfort level when trying them out.

Absence of a Long-Term Plan

Such office furniture blunders many businesspeople make. They fail to consider the future of the business and purchase without a plan. Workplace furniture is a huge investment and buying without considering the future can result in significant regrets. You should think about whether your business has some plans for moving to an even bigger office in the long term, and what space type you are helping right now. Additionally, look at the present furniture you’ve and how the new parts will fit in design and size-wise. Going in with a program can enable you to stay away from impediments later down the street.

Bargaining Over Quality

Most people know exactly how difficult it is resisting discounts and a great deal but putting cost over quality can result in a great office furniture error that you will quickly regret. Furniture with a smaller price is usually built with inexpensive materials, meaning that it is going to fall apart, tear as well as get worn out quickly. Cheap office furniture must be replaced a lot more often compared to a high-quality piece of furniture and can wind up costing you much more cash in the end. Always guarantee that the office furniture you are purchasing is made of sturdy and genuine components that could last you for many years and you had them from an office furniture store in Sydney CBD.

How Important is the Role of A 3D Scanner in Your Business?

How Important is the Role of A 3D Scanner in Your Business?

Obtaining a staff to participate in a specific product prior to producing a prototype is almost impossible. If you would like to develop a company with 3D printing, three-dimensional scanners, and contemporary style engineering, prototypes may be affordable and quick to make production and funding faster. With the assistance of scanning, every part of the generation and ideation procedure may be sped up and even assisted.

Benefits of Using a 3D Scanner

Improved ideation

When you are operating by way of a concept, nearly all almost all the answers to the issues of yours will be enclosed as abstracts. It is difficult to always keep ideas together when everybody is thinking of something a little different. 

When you’ve something very concrete you will be certain all worries are linked to production. If a question pops up, it is not hard to speak past one another. Using a three-dimensional scan, you can go around the item and clean up the information you worry about.

3D scanning

Scanning during the Layout Stage

Beginning with an actual object and placing it right to a modeling system allows the team of yours to begin to play. In addition, designers usually must structure around the existing objects. Sometimes, they’ve to fit the design of theirs to items that currently exist.

With scanning, designers would be able to ensure that components that must fit could be matched right down up to the micrometer. When you are developing industrial or perhaps machining areas, a micrometer is important. Mating areas may be scanned, thus making it much easier to obtain a match up for a non-conventional or strange component.

Reverse engineering is a potent means to use a 3D scanner. With the, you could jumpstart the design process of yours and get the grunt work from the way. Just about any new style is going to be properly formed around probably the most relevant requirements of most of the design.

Prototyping is such a Breeze

During prototyping, 3D scanning gets to be an important tool. A common method to help is you can decrease the number of the needed prototypes. When you bring down the number of style cycles, you bring down the price of production and you could wind up generating a lot more every season.

If you free up that spending amount, you have got the opportunity to take risks. The team of yours can make things which seemed not very practical before finding out exactly how you are able to innovate your services and products.

Using the exact dimensions of the actual physical world, the design of yours will in addition scale up correctly. Should you have to double the dimensions of food, you are able to make certain every dimension is doubled by you to end up with a thing that works.

Engineering Appreciates a 3D Check

With a 3D scan, actual objects get put directly into the engineering stage of your design task. At this stage, you can start moving forward onto the true job of shaping and engineering a task toward its conclusion.

Scan information provides engineers the chance to begin doing the crucial analysis of items needed in the design. CAE, CFD, FEA as well as the various other kinds of object analysis which are achieved before manufacturing is going to be a breeze.

Modifying a thing once it is in the manufacturing stage is hard. With scanning, you would be able to do all of the engineering functions with guaranteed accuracy and stay away from some production issues.

power washing machine

How Different is Power Washing From Pressure Washing Using Water Jet Machines?

The working technology behind a water jet machine can be utilized not only for metal cutting purposes but there is an array of other uses for it, too. Like for instance, water jet systems and hardware can be utilized as the base motor for power washing or pressure washing.

But some people are confused between the two since the natural tendency of many of us is to use them interchangeably. The point of concern now is, are they the same or are they completely different from each other? 

Here is something now that will help shed light on this.  

We have this one short but sweet answer to this: They are the same, but they are also different. Oxymoronic statement? Let us expound on this for a better understanding now.  

Their basic function is pretty much just the same. Both activities make use of highly pressurized water, which is significantly helpful in removing deep-seated dirt, grime, gunk, and other stubborn materials from solid surfaces. 

power washing machine

While it is true that they share similar processes, they both come with distinct features that determine how you should be using each service. Otherwise, you will not be able to optimize their results.

When you know how far different they are from each other, you’d be good at judging for yourself which between the two of them would be most appropriate to use for a particular cleaning project. 

What Are Their Key Differences: Power Washing vs Pressure Washing

As far as the pressure of the water is concerned, both methods use similar amounts of pressure. The amount of pressure each one will need will depend upon the kind of machine being used. If you happen to have a household unit, it will never fare or be in close range to the amount of power used by an industrial type of water jet machine.  

If we will be delving only on the types of the machines, we will say that there is 1 key element that will make a power washer distinct from pressure washers, the use of a heating element. 

Both of these machines can create powerful, intensive streams of high-pressure water, but power washers are taking things a notch higher here in the sense that they can also heat the water itself. While this would seem like a tad different, it creates a huge impact on how each is going to be used. 

What is Power Washing?

Power washers use an extremely high-pressure stream of super hot water. The water itself must be heated up first before being used as it will help an awful lot in blowing away dirt, grime, gunk, and many other unnecessary materials normally deep-seated on outdoor surfaces. 

The combination of the high temperature of the water and high pressure makes it highly effective in the seamless removal of deep-seated materials on surfaces. It will effectively take away residue build-up on hard outdoor surfaces like mildew, mold, or salt on outdoor patios, driveways, decks, and so much more. 

As for the added heat, it will render the pressurized water particularly good and effective in unseating stubborn dirt or debris on surfaces. A typical example would be the removal of hardened chewing gums from sidewalks. Besides, power washing is also known to have an unparalleled cleaning power in handling grease stains on garage floors and driveways.

And what about pressure washing?

The odds are high that pressure washing is what you accustomed to using right inside your own home. It makes use of the same amount of high-pressure water, but it is not heated. 

Even though it does not utilize heated water, it can still carry out an amazing job and that is to blast away dirt and debris but may not give out an exceptional job when used on removing mold, moss, or other stubborn substances. While it is still highly effective, it may have a hard time in removing tough concrete stains.  

It won’t matter which of these two types of cleaning method you will decide to use, bear in mind that enlisting the help of a qualified professional for the job will certainly get it done right the first time. If you lack training or exposure on the proper use of a power washer, you will run the risk of inflicting damage on the material’s surface.  

If this technology is the secret power behind the effectiveness of water jet machines, then it should do the same for your power washing and pressure washing concerns.

What Makes UHF Antennas Distinct from VHF Antenna?

If you are keen on adding a few local stations that are not part of the TV bundle you are subscribed to or if you want to cut off your ties with your local cable TV signal provider, installing an antenna first may be necessary for your home TV setup. It is a very simple process and a cost-effective measure to make. Over-the-air TV signals can be broadcast on 2 different sets of frequencies. 

The specific channels that you are keen on seeing on your TV could be one band or the other. However, in the absence or use of the right antenna, you won’t stand a chance of seeing them.  

UHF Antenna Kit

UHF Antenna vs VHF Antenna

Over-the-air TV signals, we usually broadcast them on 2 different bands. One of which is the very high-frequency band or the VHF and the other is the ultrahigh-frequency band, the UHF. VHF channels would be transmitting their radio frequencies between 54 MHz and 216 MHz. This is in complete contrast to UHF channels which come at a much higher frequency, ranging from 470 MHz and 890 MHz.  

Any certified ham-radio enthusiast will surely agree with us in saying that your choice of frequency will have something to do with how well their signal will travel. During those times that cable TV was not yet in existence, the majority of TV stations would broadcast using the VHF band. 

The reason behind this is that there is a lesser chance for interference or signal interruption to take place. Besides that, it is also capable of carrying the signal farther under specific transmission power. UHF today is more well known because it provides you more bandwidth, making high-definition programming possible.  

Broadcast Frequency and Antenna Design

It is normal for both VHF and UHF radio frequencies to operate under different wavelengths. A VHF signal would be sending large radio waves, whereas the UHF signals are relayed using smaller waves and they arrive closer together. When we refer to the UHF signal as taking on 

“higher frequency”, we are doing so in a very literal sense.  

The UHF antenna prongs or elements are directly associated with the radio wavelength. There is one simple rule to remember here, they are complete opposites. This means to say that the bigger number you have, the smaller the radio wave is. With that also there is a smaller TV antenna element that is likely to receive it.  

Choosing a TV Antenna

If you are undecided or can’t make up your mind yet as to which between these two you should have, UHF antennas or VHF antennas, and which among them can do the job for you keep in mind that there are two things that you need to take into account first before making any decision: the channels that you want to have and the signal strength.  

Things become even more complicated than you would have first imagined, like for instance, Channel 7 Local News would now be transmitting on UHF channel 38 as opposed to VHF channel 6. That is, even though you can still see it on channel 6, making it possible for the station to preserve its branding. 

Checking out the official website of the Federal Communication Commission, you can verify your station by call sign. From this dedicated website, you’d be able to compare your station’s real and assigned virtual channel numbers. You may need to have a VHF antenna, a UHF antenna, something that does both.

exit signs in the dark

Why Exit Signs are Vital in the Office?

Regardless of the size of the business enterprise of yours, it is necessary to have exit signs as well as emergency lighting effects contained. Each is a part of a comprehensive security system which keeps your clients and employees safe. An exit sign is normally an underappreciated part of virtually all buildings; however, when you are looking at safety, they could be just about the most crucial components to think about for a structure’s brilliance as well as exit technique.

Offices of all the sizes and kinds must be equipped with some sort of fire crisis system. The aim is not simply to reduce the amount of damage brought on by a fire. The employer additionally would like to make sure that workers are able to exit the room quickly and safely. That is the place that the thought of the proper kind of fire exit clues come into the photo. Allow me to share several of the advantages that come from investing in the proper kind of lighting and signage as part of the general fire exit strategy.

Exit Signs Are a Must

Leading the way

Exit clues are available in more than a single kind. Some are easy placards that are installed on a wall. Others are supposed to adhere to the crisis lighting effect that immediately triggers whenever a fire is detected. Making use of both kinds in the general safety program is a wise action on the component of the employer.

The static placards work to point workers and anybody visiting the office in the correct path. This is vital, since there really needs to be certain routes for exiting the place of work as well as gathering at a secure spot for a swift head count. The luminescent clues that are mounted over doors and are a part of the emergency lighting system work as beacons whether the smoke is starting to thicken. So long as folks can cause the indicators and recognize what direction to go, they’ve a greater possibility of getting out of the construction with no injury.

The Importance of Signage

The laws concerning fire safety in business along with other public buildings is yet another reason to invest in the proper kind of fire signage. Posting signs that strong folks to the appropriate points of exit are considered as vital as applying exit signage over the doors which will be utilized for the evacuation. Choosing to talk to the nearby municipality and find out just what kind of signage follows recent standards will stop the evaluation of fines in the many years to come.

The perfect mixture of signage as well as fire suppression equipment is crucial for every workplace environment. All it requires is one fire to show the importance of preparing an exit path, investing in the indicators as well as equipment, and designating a spot for staff to collect once they are out of the construction. Knowing these things is very important to realize the importance of having this type of signage in the office.

What are the Most Frequently Asked Questions About 3D Printing Australia in Relation to the COVID-19 Pandemic?

The US FDA or the Food and Drugs Authority is most committed to taking flexible and creative approaches when it comes to addressing access to critical medical paraphernalia and equipment in response to the COVID-19 pandemic. 

During this trying time, the odds that the demand for certain medical paraphernalia and devices such as personal protective equipment is going to outpace the available supply we have for health care facilities due to the soaring of demand for them. 

Besides, another thing that exacerbates the looming problem on this is the disruptions on the global supply chain due to community lockdown measures in many different parts of the globe. Words of an impending crisis on PPEs and other similar items critical to COVID-19 measures have reached authorities. 

This explains the reason why the 3D printing Australian community is proactively initiating efforts to utilize their additive manufacturing technique to assist in meeting this growing demand for several medical products/paraphernalia. In light of these efforts, here are some of the most frequently sought questions concerning 3D-type printing and rapid prototyping for medical products like PPEs or personal protective equipment. 

Q. Are there any general recommendations coming from the FDA concerning 3D printing of medical devices?  

  • Only recently, the FDA issued a structured guide regarding the Technical Considerations for 3D Printed Medical Devices. The said document is intending to give a detailed outline regarding the recommendations of the agency concerning 3D-printed devices, starting from the device stage up to process validation and testing actions for finished devices.  

Q. Can we utilize 3D printing technology in the production of laboratory gowns, respirators, face masks, and several other kinds of personal protective equipment or PPEs?  

  • PPEs are any kind of protective covering used by medical professionals and frontliners as one way to protect themselves against injury or from getting infected with airborne microbes and viruses. While there is no denying to the fact that 3D printing can be taken advantage of in the production of some of these PPEs, coming alongside with some of them are technical hurdles that must be overcome first, otherwise, they won’t be effective enough. 

For better understanding, let us cite an example here. A 3D printed PPE may significantly help in providing a physical barrier, but they may not be able to provide the required air filtration and fluid barrier protection that FDA-cleared N95 respirators and surgical masks can deliver.  

Q. Can a non-medical professional use 3D printed PPEs?

  • Anyone wanting to have a certain level of physical barrier against the surrounding environment can turn to the use of 3D-printed PPEs. But as disclosed earlier they can’t give you the air filtration and fluid barrier protection that FDA-cleared N95 respirators and surgical masks can give. 

Q. What best practices should healthcare providers observe when using 3D-printed face masks? 

  • They should observe the following: 
  • Carefully inspect the 3D-printed mask seal for any leak. 
  • Verify that they can still breathe when using makeshift filter materials. 
  • Observe extreme caution in surgical environments. Such places call for extreme liquid barrier protection at all times. 
  • Identify if the mask being used is providing enough air filtration to keep the possible transmission of infectious agents at bay.  
  • Highly infectious materials must be disposed of properly, and parts you are intending to reuse need to undergo a proper sterilization procedure.  

Q. Can We 3D Print Entire Medical Devices? 

  • While the FDA is amenable that 3D printing could be taken advantage of in providing wider availability of devices for the entire duration of this public health emergency, some devices would be much more amenable to additive manufacturing compared to others. The FDA is more than willing to discuss this with the 3D printing Australian industry.